INVISIBLE STITCH (Ladder Stitch) Made Easy

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The invisible stitch (ladder stitch) is an important technique to learn to create invisible closures for gaps in seams. It is used to sew toys, ripped seams, and in clothing constructions to close gaps. An invisible stitch is often called several different names including ladder stitch, slip stitch, and even blind stitch. These all refer to the same thing which is a stitch that closes seams and is invisible or nearly invisible when finished.

ladder stitch, invisible stitch, slip stitchPinInvisible Stitch – Ladder Stitch and Slip Stitch


What is an Invisible Stitch Used For? How to Do an Invisible Stitch by Hand (How to Do Ladder Stitch)PreparationStep 1: Starting Invisible StitchStep 2: First StitchesStep 3: Repeat and PullStep 4: Knot Off and FinishInvisible Stitch Hem By MachineInvisible Stitch Hem By HandInvisible Stitch ProjectsMore Hand Stitching

What is an Invisible Stitch Used For?

Invisible stitch or ladder stitch can be used to solve many common problems and is particularly useful in mending. It can be used for:

SOFTTOYS – An invisible stitch is commonly used for stuffed toy sewing patterns. Even if you aren’t sewing a toy pattern from scratch you may have ended up here looking for a way to repair your child’s beloved teddy or bunny rabbit toy which has been loved to the point it is falling apart. MENDING – It is extremely useful for mending a ripped seam and closing gaps in clothing and hats before topstitching. PILLOWS – The ladder stitch is also a great invisible stitch to close a pillow.

For invisible HEMS, see my article on hemming stitch

How to Do an Invisible Stitch by Hand (How to Do Ladder Stitch)


Now before you start, make sure you have great lighting and your best pair of reading glasses for a truly invisible stitch.

Start by threading the needle with either a single thread or double thread and knot the end. I have used a contrast thread for this tutorial but you will want to use a matching one to create a truly invisible stitch.

Use fine but good quality thread as you will be doing some gentle pulling and you don`t want the thread to break halfway through your job. 

Step 1: Starting Invisible Stitch

Insert the needle up through the center opening on the far right, up through the crease, or fold to the top. This will hide the knot inside your project.

Invisible stitch is worked from right to left.

You will notice the direction I am sewing is right to left. I`m right-handed so this will be the correct direction for most of you. If you are left-handed you may find it easier to reverse the direction of stitches.

Invisible Stitch - Hide the KnotInvisible Stitch - Hide the KnotPinInvisible Stitch – Hide the Knot

Step 2: First Stitches

Now take a tiny stitch along the fold of the fabric on the opposite side of the opening. This is from point 2 to point 3 in the diagram below. Notice how 2 is directly across from point 1.

The stitches in my tutorial are about ¼ inch (6mm) in length so you could see how to do an invisible stitch. You will want to make yours at most ⅛ inch (3mm). The smaller your stitches the more it will blend into your seam with minimal gaps.

First Invisible Stitch First Invisible Stitch PinFirst Invisible Stitch (Ladder Stitch)

Pass the needle across to the original side and along the fold again from point 4 to point 5.

 Second Invisible Stitch  Second Invisible Stitch PinSecond Invisible Stitch (Ladder Stitch)

Step 3: Repeat and Pull

Continue in the same pattern from side to side.

This diagram will help you visualize the motion of stitching across. See how you are passing from one side to the next and hiding the stitches in the fold of the seam.

Invisible Stitch, Ladder Stitch, Slip StitchInvisible Stitch, Ladder Stitch, Slip StitchPinInvisible Stitch / Ladder Stitch / Slip Stitch

You can pull each stitch tight as you go or pull the stitches closed after you get to the end. I prefer to take a few stitches and then pull and then stitch again. Don`t leave it too long before you pull as the thread can sometimes get tangled.

If you are sewing a toy or cushion with stuffing inside, just make sure the stuffing fibers are not poking out the holes. You will need to keep pushing the stuffing back inside as you go.

You can see from the photo how it got its name ladder stitch (slip stitch) – the stitches going across look a little like ladder rungs.

Ladder Effect on an Invisible StitchLadder Effect on an Invisible StitchPinLadder Effect on an Invisible StitchStitches Pulled Tight Making an Invisible StitchStitches Pulled Tight Making an Invisible StitchPinStitches Pulled Tight Making an Invisible Stitch

Step 4: Knot Off and Finish

When you get to the end, knot the thread off as you would normally. If you are a beginner, this is done by leaving a loop in the last stitch and then putting the needle back through the loop and pulling tight.

Don`t cut the thread just yet as we want to hide the ends.

Knot the End of the Invisible StitchKnot the End of the Invisible StitchPinKnot the End of the Invisible Stitch (Ladder Stitch)

Pass the thread through the opening and into the item, coming up a short distance away. Cut off the thread.

If you pull a little before you cut, the thread will pull back inside when released hiding the evidence of the ends.

Hide the EndsHide the EndsPinHide the Ends

Here I have used a ladder stitch to close the legs on the Rachel Toy Pattern. See how it is a great stitch for toys as the closure is almost invisible.

Invisible Stitch and DollmakingInvisible Stitch and DollmakingPinInvisible Stitch and Dollmaking

Invisible Stitch Hem By Machine

If you are looking to sew an invisible stitch on a sewing machine for the hems of dresses, skirts or trousers then most often a blind hem is used.

A blind hem can be sewn on your regular sewing machine and is nearly invisible on the right side when you use a matching thread color. It can be sewn with a specialty blind hem foot that has an edge guide that helps you sew straight, or a regular foot if you have a good eye.

I have a full tutorial on how to sew a blind hem that will show you step by step how to create this invisible hemstitch.

Here you can see how the back and front of the blind stitch hem look.

Blind Stitch HemBlind Stitch HemPinBlind Stitch Hem

Invisible Stitch Hem By Hand

If you are looking for stitches for an invisible hem, read my article on hemming stitch. The slip stitch, catch stitch, blind hem stitch, narrow rolled hem and whip stitch will all be almost invisible on the outside of a pair of pants or a skirt hem. It can also be used to hem curtains.

PinInvisible Stitch Hems

Invisible Stitch Projects

If sewing a pillow and closing it with an invisible stitch sounded fun then here are a few of my free tutorials to keep you busy.

Star PillowNeck PillowDiy Pincushion

PinStar Pillow PatternPinTravel Pillow Patternpin cushionpin cushionPinPin Cushion

More Hand Stitching

6 Basic Hand StitchesBlanket StitchRunning StitchHow to Sew a Seam by Hand – Running Stitch and BackstitchHow to Whip StitchBackstitchHow to do Ladder Stitch (Slip Stitch, Invisible Stitch)

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